Innovative approaches to increase nutritional intake of normal food in hospital patients. Sip feeding as supplemental nutrition. If oral nutrition cannot be maintained, artificial EN using a feeding tube may be used. Main indications and contraindications for EN, which formulae should be used in which conditions, the metabolic effects of specific nutrients added to some formulae and the most important complications of EN. Disease-specific enteral formulae. Correct placement of the feeding tube to avoid dislocation and aspiration. "Know- how" to monitor patients on enteral nutritional (EN) support.