To learn nutritional screening and assessment; the methods used; To know the benefits and limits of laboratory and balance-studies for nutritional assessments; To be aware of the importance of the routine screening all patients for malnutrition and of the continued monitoring of those at risk; To learn how body composition can be measured and to learn how reliable these measurements are; To know the components of energy expenditure in human beings; To know the methods for measurement of energy expenditure; To be able to define how energy intake influences energy expenditure; To be aware of malnutrition; To know how to screen, assess, and monitor patients for nutritional risk and for response to nutritional support. Improvement of competencies and skills in CN, application of effective CN in the treatment of disease and health promotion; To acquire tools to interpret new scientific information, and link with nutrition, better practical management of nutritional support.