The modules of this Topic summarize the evidence, and provide recommendations for clinical practice regarding the following 4 issues:
1. Cow's milk protein allergy as the commonest food allergy in infants and young children.
2. Intestinal failure, as the most severe form of the chronic GUT disorder is discussed in respect to parenteral and enteral nutrition approach.
3. Current strategies to feed the very low birth weight infant from birth to discharge form the hospital. Focus on early provision of nutritional support in order to achieve optimal growth and development.
4. Many risk factors associated with cardiovascular disease in adulthood are present in children including obesity, hyperlipidaemia, sedentary lifestyle and poor nutrition. Nutritional intervention is the primary approach in the management of dyslipidaemias in children and essential complementary intervention in children needing pharmacotherapy.